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DSGL Item Details - ML8

PART 1 Munitions List

​​​​​​​​ML8.  “Energetic materials” and related substances, as follows:

N.B. 1:  See also 1C011 on the Dual‑Use List.

N.B. 2:  For charges and devices, see ML4 and 1A008 on the Dual‑Use List.

Note:  ML8 does not apply to specially formulated pharmaceutical products containing ML8 materials.​

Technical Notes:

1.  For the purposes of ML8., 'mixture' refers to a composition of two or more substances with at least one substance being listed in the ML8 sub‑items.

2.  Any substance listed in the ML8 sub‑items is subject to this list, even when utilised in an application other than that indicated.  (e.g., TAGN is predominantly used as an explosive but can also be used either as a fuel or an oxidiser.)

3.  For the purposes of ML8., particle size is the mean particle diameter on a weight or volume basis.  International or equivalent national standards will be used in sampling and determining particle size.

a.  “Explosives” as follows, and 'mixtures' thereof:

1.  ADNBF (aminodinitrobenzofuroxan or 7‑amino‑4,6‑dinitrobenzofurazane‑1‑oxide) (CAS 97096‑78‑1);

2.  BNCP (cis‑bis (5‑nitrotetrazolato) tetra amine‑cobalt (III) perchlorate) (CAS 117412‑28‑9);

3.  CL‑14 (diamino dinitrobenzofuroxan or 5,7‑diamino‑4,6‑dinitrobenzofurazane‑1‑oxide ) (CAS 117907‑74‑1);

4.  CL‑20 (HNIW or Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane) (CAS 135285‑90‑4); chlathrates of CL‑20 (see also ML8.g.3. and g.4. for its “precursors”);

5.  CP (2‑(5‑cyanotetrazolato) penta amine‑cobalt (III) perchlorate) (CAS 70247‑32‑4);

6.  DADE (1,1‑diamino‑2,2‑dinitroethylene, FOX7) (CAS 145250‑81‑3);

7.  DATB (diaminotrinitrobenzene) (CAS 1630‑08‑6);

8.  DDFP (1,4‑dinitrodifurazanopiperazine);

9.  DDPO (2,6‑diamino‑3,5‑dinitropyrazine‑1‑oxide, PZO) (CAS 194486‑77‑6);

10.  DIPAM (3,3¢‑diamino‑2,2¢,4,4¢,6,6¢‑hexanitrobiphenyl or dipicramide)
(CAS 17215‑44‑0);

11.  DNGU (DINGU or dinitroglycoluril) (CAS 55510‑04‑8);

12.  Furazans as follows:

a.  DAAOF (diaminoazoxyfurazan);

b.  DAAzF (diaminoazofurazan) (CAS 78644‑90‑3);

13.  HMX and derivatives (see also ML8.g.5. for its “precursors”), as follows:

a.  HMX (Cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine, octahydro‑1,3,5,7‑tetranitro‑1,3,5,7‑tetrazine, 1,3,5,7‑tetranitro‑1,3,5,7‑tetraza‑cyclooctane, octogen or octogene) (CAS 2691‑41‑0);

b.  difluoroaminated analogs of HMX;

c.  K‑55 (2,4,6,8‑tetranitro‑2,4,6,8‑tetraazabicyclo [3,3,0]‑octanone‑3, tetranitrosemiglycouril or keto‑bicyclic HMX) (CAS 130256‑72‑3);

14.  HNAD (hexanitroadamantane) (CAS 143850‑71‑9);

15. HNS (hexanitrostilbene) (CAS 20062‑22‑0);

16.  Imidazoles as follows:

a.  BNNII (Octahydro‑2,5‑bis(nitroimino)imidazo [4,5‑d]imidazole);

b.  DNI (2,4‑dinitroimidazole) (CAS 5213‑49‑0);

c.  FDIA (1‑fluoro‑2,4‑dinitroimidazole);

d.  NTDNIA (N‑(2‑nitrotriazolo)‑2,4‑dinitroimidazole);

e.  PTIA (1‑picryl‑2,4,5‑trinitroimidazole);

17.  NTNMH (1‑(2‑nitrotriazolo)‑2‑dinitromethylene hydrazine);

18.  NTO (ONTA or 3‑nitro‑1,2,4‑triazol‑5‑one) (CAS 932‑64‑9);

19.  Polynitrocubanes with more than four nitro groups;

20.  PYX (2,6‑Bis(picrylamino)‑3,5‑dinitropyridine) (CAS 38082‑89‑2);

21.  RDX and derivatives, as follows:

a.  RDX (cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine, cyclonite, T4, hexahydro‑1,3,5‑trinitro‑1,3,5‑triazine, 1,3,5‑trinitro‑1,3,5‑triaza‑cyclohexane, hexogen or hexogene) (CAS 121‑82‑4);

b.  Keto‑RDX (K‑6 or 2,4,6‑trinitro‑2,4,6‑triazacyclohexanone) (CAS 115029‑35‑1);

22.  TAGN (triaminoguanidinenitrate) (CAS 4000‑16‑2);

23.  TATB (triaminotrinitrobenzene) (CAS 3058‑38‑6) (see also ML8.g.7 for its “precursors”);

24.  TEDDZ (3,3,7,7‑tetrabis(difluoroamine) octahydro‑1,5‑dinitro‑1,5‑diazocine);

25.  Tetrazoles as follows:

a.  NTAT (nitrotriazol aminotetrazole);

b.  NTNT (1‑N‑(2‑nitrotriazolo)‑4‑nitrotetrazole);

26.  Tetryl (trinitrophenylmethylnitramine) (CAS 479‑45‑8);

27.  TNAD (1,4,5,8‑tetranitro‑1,4,5,8‑tetraazadecalin) (CAS 135877‑16‑6) (see also ML8.g.6. for its “precursors”);

28.  TNAZ (1,3,3‑trinitroazetidine) (CAS 97645‑24‑4) (see also ML8.g.2. for its “precursors”);

29.  TNGU (SORGUYL or tetranitroglycoluril) (CAS 55510‑03‑7);

30.  TNP (1,4,5,8‑tetranitro‑pyridazino[4,5‑d]pyridazine) (CAS 229176‑04‑9);

31.  Triazines as follows:

a.  DNAM (2‑oxy‑4,6‑dinitroamino‑s‑triazine) (CAS 19899‑80‑0);

b.  NNHT (2‑nitroimino‑5‑nitro‑hexahydro‑1,3,5‑triazine) (CAS 130400‑13‑4);

32.  Triazoles as follows:

a.  5‑azido‑2‑nitrotriazole;

b.  ADHTDN (4‑amino‑3,5‑dihydrazino‑1,2,4‑triazole dinitramide) (CAS 1614‑08‑0);

c.  ADNT (1‑amino‑3,5‑dinitro‑1,2,4‑triazole);

d.  BDNTA ([bis‑dinitrotriazole]amine);

e.  DBT (3,3¢‑dinitro‑5,5‑bi‑1,2,4‑triazole) (CAS 30003‑46‑4);

f.  DNBT (dinitrobistriazole) (CAS 70890‑46‑9);

g.  NTDNA (2‑nitrotriazole 5‑dinitramide) (CAS 75393‑84‑9);

h.  NTDNT (1‑N‑(2‑nitrotriazolo) 3,5‑dinitrotriazole);

i.  PDNT (1‑picryl‑3,5‑dinitrotriazole);

j.  TACOT (tetranitrobenzotriazolobenzotriazole) (CAS 25243‑36‑1);

33.  Explosives not listed elsewhere in ML8.a. and having any of the following:

a.  Detonation velocity exceeding 8,700 m/s, at maximum density; or

b.  Detonation pressure exceeding 34 GPa (340 kbar);

34.  Not used;

35.  DNAN (2,4-dinitroanisole) (CAS 119-27-7);

36.  TEX (4,10-Dinitro-2,6,8,12-tetraoxa-4,10-diazaisowurtzitane)

37.  GUDN (Guanylurea dinitramide) FOX-12 (CAS 217464-38-5)

38.  Tetrazines as follows:

a.  BTAT (Bis(2,2,2-trinitroethyl)-3,6-diaminotetrazine);

b.  LAX-112 (3,6-diamino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine-1,4-dioxide);

39.  Energetic ionic materials melting between 343 K (70°C) and 373 K (100°C) and with detonation velocity exceeding 6,800 m/s or detonation pressure exceeding 18 GPa (180 kbar);

40.  BTNEN (Bis(2,2,2-trinitroethyl)-nitramine) (CAS 19836-28-3);

41.  FTDO (5,6-(3',4'-furazano)- 1,2,3,4-tetrazine-1,3-dioxide);​ ​​​

Note:  ML8.a. includes 'explosive co-crystals'.​

      ​ ​Technical Note:

      ​ ​​An 'explosive co-crystal' is a solid material consisting of an ordered three dimensional arrangement of two or m​ore explosive molecules, where at least one is specified by ML8.a.

b.  “Propellants” as follows:

1.  Any solid "propellant" with a theoretical specific impulse (under standard conditions) of more than:

a.  240 seconds for non-metallized, non-halogenized "propellant";

b.  250 seconds for non-metallized, halogenized "propellant"; or

c.  260 seconds for metallized "propellant";

2.  Not used;

3.  “Propellants” having a force constant of more than 1,200 kJ/kg;

4.  “Propellants” that can sustain a steady‑state linear burning rate of more than 38 mm/s under standard conditions (as measured in the form of an inhibited single strand) of 6.89 MPa (68.9 bar) pressure and 294K (21oC);

5.  Elastomer Modified Cast Double Base (EMCDB) “propellants” with extensibility at maximum stress of more than 5% at 233K (‑40oC);

6.  Any “propellant” containing substances specified by ML8.a.;

7.  “Propellants”, not specified elsewhere in the Munitions List, specially designed for military use;

c.  “Pyrotechnics”, fuels and related substances, as follows, and 'mixtures' thereof:

1.  "Aircraft" fuels specially formulated for military purposes;

Note:  "Aircraft" fuels specified by ML8.c.1. are finished products, not their constituents.

2.  Alane (aluminum hydride) (CAS 7784‑21‑6);

3.  Boranes, as follows, and their derivatives:

a.  Carboranes;

b.  Borane homologues, as follows:​​

1.  Decaborane (14) (CAS 17702-41-9);

2.  Pentaborane (9) (CAS 19624-22-7);

3.  Pentaborane (11) (CAS 18433-84-6);​

4.  Hydrazine and derivatives, as follows (see also ML8.d.8. and d.9. for oxidising hydrazine derivatives):

a.  Hydrazine (CAS 302‑01‑2) in concentrations of 70% or more;

b.  Monomethyl hydrazine (CAS 60‑34‑4);

c.  Symmetrical dimethyl hydrazine (CAS 540‑73‑8);

d.  Unsymmetrical dimethyl hydrazine (CAS 57‑14‑7);

Note:  ML8.c.4.a. does not apply to hydrazine 'mixtures' specially formulated for corrosion control.

5.  Metal fuels, fuel 'mixtures' or "pyrotechnic" 'mixtures', in particle form whether spherical, atomized, spheroidal, flaked or ground, manufactured from material consisting of 99 % or more of any of the following:

a.  Metals as follows and 'mixtures' thereof:

1.  Beryllium (CAS 7440‑41‑7) in particle sizes of less than 60 µm;

2.  Iron powder (CAS 7439‑89‑6) with particle size of 3 µm or less produced by reduction of iron oxide with hydrogen;

b.  'Mixtures' containing any of the following:

1.  Zirconium (CAS 7440‑67‑7), magnesium (CAS 7439‑95‑4) or alloys of these in particle sizes of less than 60 µm; or

2.  Boron (CAS 7440‑42‑8) or boron carbide (CAS 12069‑32‑8) fuels of 85% purity or higher and particle sizes of less than 60 µm;

Note 1:  ML8.c.5 applies to "explosives" and fuels, whether or not the metals or alloys are encapsulated in aluminium, magnesium, zirconium, or beryllium.

Note 2:  ML8.c.5.b. only applies to metal fuels in particle form when they are mixed with other substances to form a 'mixture' formulated for military purposes such as liquid "propellant" slurries, solid "propellants", or "pyrotechnic" 'mixtures'.

Note 3:  ML8.c.5.b.2. does not apply to boron and boron carbide enriched with boron-10 (20% or more of total boron-10 content.)

6.  Military materials, containing thickeners for hydrocarbon fuels, specially formulated for use in flame throwers or incendiary munitions, such as metal stearates (e.g., octal (CAS 637-12-7)) or palmitates;

7.  Perchlorates, chlorates and chromates, composited with powdered metal or other high energy fuel components;

8. Spherical aluminium powder (CAS 7429‑90‑5) with a particle size of 60 µm or less, manufactured from material with an aluminium content of 99% or more;

9.  Titanium subhydride (TiHn) of stoichiometry equivalent to n= 0.65‑1.68;

10.  Liquid high energy density fuels not specified in ML8.c.1., as follows:

a.  Mixed fuels, that incorporate both solid and liquid fuels (e.g., boron slurry), having a mass-based energy density of 40 MJ/kg or greater;

b.  Other high energy density fuels and fuel additives (e.g., cubane, ionic solutions, JP-7, JP-10), having a volume-based energy density of 37.5 GJ per cubic meter or greater, measured at 293 K (20°C) and one atmosphere (101.325 kPa) pressure;

Note:   ML8.c.10.b. does not apply to JP-4, JP-8, fossil refined fuels or biofuels, or fuels for engines certified for use in civil aviation.

11.   "Pyrotechnic" and pyrophoric materials as follows:

a.  "Pyrotechnic" or pyrophoric materials specifically formulated to enhance or control the production of radiated energy in any part of the IR spectrum;

b.  Mixtures of magnesium, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and a vinylidene difluoride-hexafluoropropylene copolymer (e.g., MTV);

12.  Fuel mixtures, "pyrotechnic" mixtures or "energetic materials", not specified elsewhere in ML8, having all of the following:

a.  Containing greater than 0.5% of particles of any of the following:

1.  Aluminium;

2.  Beryllium;

3.  Boron;

4.  Zirconium;

5.  Magnesium; or

6.  Titanium;

b.  Particles specified by ML8.c.12.a. with a size less than 200 nm in any direction; an

c.  Particles specified by ML8.c.12.a. with a metal content of 60% or greater;

d.  Oxidisers as follows, and 'mixtures' thereof:

1.  ADN (ammonium dinitramide or SR 12) (CAS 140456‑78‑6);

2.  AP (ammonium perchlorate) (CAS 7790‑98‑9);

3.  Compounds composed of fluorine and any of the following:

a.  Other halogens;

b.  Oxygen; or

c.  Nitrogen;

Note 1:  ML8.d.3. does not apply to chlorine trifluoride (CAS 7790‑91‑2).

Note 2:  ML8.d.3. does not apply to nitrogen trifluoride (CAS 7783‑54‑2) in its gaseous state.

4.  DNAD (1,3‑dinitro‑1,3‑diazetidine) (CAS 78246‑06‑7);

5.  HAN (hydroxylammonium nitrate) (CAS 13465‑08‑2);

6.  HAP (hydroxylammonium perchlorate) (CAS 15588‑62‑2);

7.  HNF (hydrazinium nitroformate) (CAS 20773‑28‑8);

8.  Hydrazine nitrate (CAS 37836‑27‑4);

9.  Hydrazine perchlorate (CAS 27978‑54‑7);

10.  Liquid oxidisers comprised of or containing inhibited red fuming nitric acid (IRFNA) (CAS 8007‑58‑7);

Note:  ML8.d.10. does not apply to non‑inhibited fuming nitric acid.

e.  Binders, plasticisers, monomers and polymers, as follows:

1.  AMMO (azidomethylmethyloxetane and its polymers) (CAS 90683‑29‑7) (see also ML8.g.1. for its “precursors”);

2.  BAMO (3,3-bis(azidomethyl)oxetane) ​and its polymers) (CAS 17607‑20‑4) (see also ML8.g.1. for its “precursors”);

3.  BDNPA (bis (2,2‑dinitropropyl)acetal) (CAS 5108‑69‑0);

4.  BDNPF (bis (2,2‑dinitropropyl)formal) (CAS 5917‑61‑3);

5.  BTTN (butanetrioltrinitrate) (CAS 6659‑60‑5) (see also ML8.g.8. for its “precursors”);

6.  Energetic monomers, plasticisers or polymers, specially formulated for military use and containing any of the following:

a.  Nitro groups;

b.  Azido groups;

c.  Nitrate groups;

d.  Nitraza groups; or

e.  Difluoroamino groups;

7.  FAMAO (3‑difluoroaminomethyl‑3‑azidomethyl oxetane) and its polymers;

8.  FEFO (bis‑(2‑fluoro‑2,2‑dinitroethyl) formal) (CAS 17003‑79‑1);

9.  FPF‑1 (poly‑2,2,3,3,4,4‑hexafluoropentane‑1,5‑diol formal) (CAS 376‑90‑9);

10.  FPF‑3 (poly‑2,4,4,5,5,6,6‑heptafluoro‑2‑tri‑fluoromethyl‑3‑oxaheptane‑1,7‑diol formal);

11.  GAP (glycidylazide polymer) (CAS 143178‑24‑9) and its derivatives;

12.  HTPB (hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene) with a hydroxyl functionality equal to or greater than 2.2 and less than or equal to 2.4, a hydroxyl value of less than 0.77 meq/g, and a viscosity at 30°C of less than 47 poise (CAS 69102‑90‑5);

13.  Alcohol functionalised poly(epichlorohydrin) with a molecular weight less than 10,000, as follows:

a.  Poly(epichlorohydrindiol);

b.  Poly(epichlorohydrintriol);

14.  NENAs (nitratoethylnitramine compounds) (CAS 17096‑47‑8, 85068‑73‑1, 82486‑83‑7, 82486‑82‑6 and 85954‑06‑9);

15.  PGN (poly‑GLYN, polyglycidylnitrate or poly(nitratomethyl oxirane) (CAS 27814‑48‑8);

16.  Poly‑NIMMO (poly nitratomethylmethyloxetane) or poly‑NMMO (poly[3‑Nitratomethyl‑3‑methyloxetane]) (CAS 84051‑81‑0);

17.  Polynitroorthocarbonates;

18.  TVOPA (1,2,3‑tris[1,2‑bis(difluoroamino)ethoxy] propane or tris vinoxy propane adduct) (CAS 53159‑39‑0);

f.  “Additives” as follows:

1.  Basic copper salicylate (CAS 62320‑94‑9);

2.  BHEGA (bis‑(2‑hydroxyethyl) glycolamide) (CAS 17409‑41‑5);

3.  BNO (butadienenitrileoxide) (CAS 9003‑18‑3);

4.  Ferrocene derivatives as follows:

a. Butacene (CAS 125856‑62‑4);

b.  Catocene (2,2‑bis‑ethylferrocenyl propane) (CAS 37206‑42‑1);

c.  Ferrocene carboxylic acids;

d.  n‑butyl‑ferrocene (CAS 31904‑29‑7);

e.  Other adducted polymer ferrocene derivatives;

f.  Ethyl ferrocene (CAS 1273-89-8);

g.  Propyl ferrocene;

h.  Pentyl ferrocene (CAS 1274-00-6);

i.  Dicyclopentyl ferrocene;

j.  Dicyclohexyl ferrocene;

k.  Diethyl ferrocene (CAS 1273-97-8);

l.  Dipropyl ferrocene;

m.  Dibutyl ferrocene (CAS 1274-08-4);

n.  Dihexyl ferrocene (CAS 93894-59-8);

o.  Acetyl ferrocene (CAS 1271-55-2)/1,1’-diacetyl ferrocene (CAS 1273-94-5)​;​​

5.  Lead beta‑resorcylate (CAS 20936‑32‑7);

6.  Lead citrate (CAS 14450‑60‑3);

7.  Lead‑copper chelates of beta‑resorcylate or salicylates (CAS 68411‑07‑4);

8.  Lead maleate (CAS 19136‑34‑6);

9.  Lead salicylate (CAS 15748‑73‑9);

10.  Lead stannate (CAS 12036‑31‑6);

11.  MAPO (tris‑1‑(2‑methyl)aziridinyl phosphine oxide) (CAS 57‑39‑6); BOBBA 8 (bis(2‑methyl aziridinyl) 2‑(2‑hydroxypropanoxy) propylamino phosphine oxide); and other MAPO derivatives;

12.  Methyl BAPO (bis(2‑methyl aziridinyl) methylamino phosphine oxide) (CAS 85068‑72‑0);

13.  N‑methyl‑p‑nitroaniline (CAS 100‑15‑2);

14.  3‑Nitraza‑1,5‑pentane diisocyanate (CAS 7406‑61‑9);

15.  Organo‑metallic coupling agents as follows:

a.  Neopentyl[diallyl]oxy, tri[dioctyl]phosphato‑titanate (CAS 103850‑22‑2); also known as titanium IV, 2,2[bis 2‑propenolato‑methyl, butanolato, tris (dioctyl) phosphato] (CAS 110438‑25‑0); or LICA 12 (CAS 103850‑22‑2);

b.  Titanium IV, [(2‑propenolato‑1) methyl, n‑propanolatomethyl] butanolato‑1, tris[dioctyl] pyrophosphate or KR3538;

c.  Titanium IV, [(2‑propenolato‑1)methyl, n‑propanolatomethyl] butanolato‑1, tris(dioctyl)phosphate;

16.  Polycyanodifluoroaminoethyleneoxide;

17.  Bonding agents as follows:

a.  1,1R,1S-trimesoyl-tris(2-ethylaziridine) (HX-868, BITA)(CAS 7722-73-8);

b.  ​​Polyfunctional aziridine amides with isophthalic, trimesic, isocyanuric or trimethyladipic backbone also having a 2-​methyl or 2-ethyl aziridine group;

Note:  Item ML.8.f.17.b. includes:

a.  1,1H-Isophthaloyl-bis(2-methylaziridine)(HX-752)

  (CAS 7652-64-4);

b.  2,4,6-tris(2-ethyl-1-aziridinyl)-1,3,5-triazine (HX-874) (CAS 18924-91-9);

c.  1,1'-trimethyladipoyl-bis(2-ethylaziridine) (HX-877) (CAS 71463-62-2).

18.  Propyleneimine (2‑methylaziridine) (CAS 75‑55‑8);

19.  Superfine iron oxide (Fe2O3) (CAS 1317‑60‑8) with a specific surface area more than 250 m2/g and an average particle size of 3.0 nm or less;

20.  TEPAN (tetraethylenepentaamineacrylonitrile) (CAS 68412‑45‑3); cyanoethylated polyamines and their salts;

21.  TEPANOL (tetraethylenepentaamineacrylonitrileglycidol) (CAS 68412‑46‑4); cyanoethylated polyamines adducted with glycidol and their salts;

22.  TPB (triphenyl bismuth) (CAS 603‑33‑8);

23.  TEPB (Tris (ethoxyphenyl) bismuth) (CAS 90591-48-3);

g.  “Precursors” as follows:

N.B.:  In ML8.g. the references are to specified “Energetic Materials” manufactured from these substances.

1. BCMO (3,3-bis(chloromethyl)oxetane) (CAS 142173‑26‑0) (see also ML8.e.1. and e.2.);

2.  Dinitroazetidine‑t‑butyl salt (CAS 125735‑38‑8) (see also ML8.a.28.);

3.  HBIW (hexabenzylhexaazaisowurtzitane) (CAS 124782‑15‑6) (see also ML8.a.4.);

4.  Not used;

5.  TAT (1,3,5,7 tetraacetyl‑1,3,5,7,‑tetraaza cyclo‑octane) (CAS 41378‑98‑7) (see also ML8.a.13.);

6.  1,4,5,8‑tetraazadecalin (CAS 5409‑42‑7) (see also ML8.a.27.);

7.  1,3,5‑trichlorobenzene (CAS 108‑70‑3) (see also ML8.a.23.);

8.  1,2,4‑trihydroxybutane (1,2,4‑butanetriol) (CAS 3068‑00‑6) (see also ML8.e.5.);

9.  DADN (1,5-diacetyl-3,7-dinitro-1, 3, 5, 7-tetraaza-cyclooctane)

h.  'Reactive material' powders and shapes, as follows:

1. Powders of any of the following materials, with a particle size less than 250 μm in any direction and not specified elsewhere by ML8:

a. Aluminium;

b. Niobium;

c. Boron;

d. Zirconium;

e. Magnesium;

f. Titanium;

g. Tantalum;

h. Tungsten;

i.  Molybdenum; or

j.  Hafnium;

2.  Shapes, not specified by ML3, ML4, ML12 or ML16, fabricated from powders specified by ML8.h.1.

Technical Notes: 

1. 'Reactive materials' are designed to produce an exothermic reaction only at high shear rates and for use as liners or casings in warheads.​

2.  'Reactive material' powders are produced by, for example, a high energy ball milling process. ​

3​.  'Reactive material' shapes are produced by, for example, selective laser sintering.

​​​​​​​No​te 1:​  ​ML8. does not apply to the following substances unless they are compounded or mixed with the “energetic material” specified by ML8.a. or powdered metals specified by ML8.c.:

a.  Ammonium picrate (CAS 131‑74‑8);

b.  Black powder;

c.   Hexanitrodiphenylamine (CAS 131‑73‑7);

d.  Difluoroamine (CAS 10405‑27‑3);

e.   Nitrostarch (CAS 9056‑38‑6);

f.   Potassium nitrate (CAS 7757‑79‑1);

g.  Tetranitronaphthalene;

h.  Trinitroanisol;

i.   Trinitronaphthalene;

j.   Trinitroxylene;

k.   N‑pyrrolidinone; 1‑methyl‑2‑pyrrolidinone (CAS 872‑50‑4);

l.   Dioctylmaleate (CAS 142‑16‑5);

m.  Ethylhexylacrylate (CAS 103‑11‑7);

n.  Triethylaluminium (TEA) (CAS 97‑93‑8), trimethylaluminium (TMA) (CAS 75‑24‑1), and other pyrophoric metal alkyls and aryls of lithium, sodium, magnesium, zinc or boron;

o.  Nitrocellulose (CAS 9004‑70‑0);

p.  Nitroglycerin (or glyceroltrinitrate, trinitroglycerine) (NG)
(CAS 55‑63‑0);

q.  2,4,6‑trinitrotoluene (TNT) (CAS 118‑96‑7);

r.   Ethylenediaminedinitrate (EDDN) (CAS 20829‑66‑7);

s.   Pentaerythritoltetranitrate (PETN) (CAS 78‑11‑5);

t.   Lead azide (CAS 13424‑46‑9), normal lead styphnate (CAS 15245‑44‑0) and basic lead styphnate (CAS 12403‑82‑6), and primary explosives or priming compositions containing azides or azide complexes;

u.  Triethyleneglycoldinitrate (TEGDN) (CAS 111‑22‑8);

v.   2,4,6‑trinitroresorcinol (styphnic acid) (CAS 82‑71‑3);

w.  Diethyldiphenylurea; (CAS 85‑98‑3); dimethyldiphenylurea;
(CAS 611‑92‑7), methylethyldiphenylurea; [Centralites]

x.   N,N‑diphenylurea (unsymmetrical diphenylurea) (CAS 603‑54‑3);

y.   Methyl‑N,N‑diphenylurea (methyl unsymmetrical diphenylurea)
(CAS 13114‑72‑2);

z.   Ethyl‑N,N‑diphenylurea (ethyl unsymmetrical diphenylurea)
(CAS 64544‑71‑4);

aa.  2‑Nitrodiphenylamine (2‑NDPA) (CAS 119‑75‑5);

bb.  4‑Nitrodiphenylamine (4‑NDPA) (CAS 836‑30‑6);

cc.  2,2‑dinitropropanol (CAS 918‑52‑5);

dd.  Nitroguanidine (CAS 556‑88‑7) (see 1.C.11.d. on the Dual‑Use List).

N.B.:  See also ML908.

Note 2:  ML8. does not apply to ammonium perchlorate (ML8.d.2.), NTO (ML8.a.18.) or catocene (ML8.f.4.b.), and meeting all of the following:

a.  Specially shaped and formulated for civil-use gas generation devices;

b.  Compounded or mixed, with non-active thermoset binders or plasticizers, and having a mass of less than 250 g;

c.   Having a maximum of 80% ammonium perchlorate (ML8.d.2.) in mass of active material;

d.  Having less than or equal to 4 g of NTO (ML8.a.18.); and

e.   Having less than or equal to 1 g of catocene (ML8.f.4.b.).

Note 3:  Former note 5 was deleted in 2008. Remaining Notes 6 and 7 were renumbered Notes 1 and 2 in 2012.


General Note​​

Specially formulated pharmaceutical products containing ML8 materials are not controlled.

Related Software Controls

​​​ML21.  “Software” as follows:

a. "Software"​ spe​cially designed or modified for any of the following:

1. ​​​"Development", "production"", operation or maintenance of equipment specified by the Munitions List;

2. ​"Development" or "production" of materials specified by the Munitions List; or

3​. ​​​"Development", "production", operation or maintenance of "software" ​specified by the Munitions List.​

b.  Specific “software”, other than that specified by ML21.a., as follows:

1.  “Software” specially designed for military use and specially designed for modelling, simulating or evaluating military weapon systems;

2.  “Software” specially designed for military use and specially designed for modelling or simulating military operational scenarios;

3.  “Software” for determining the effects of conventional, nuclear, chemical or biological weapons;

4.  “Software” specially designed for military use and specially designed for Command, Communications, Control and Intelligence (C3I) or Command, Communications, Control, Computer and Intelligence (C4I) applications;

c.  “Software”, not specified by ML21.a.​ or b., specially designed or modified to enable equipment not specified by the Munitions List to perform the military functions of equipment specified by the Munitions List.

Related Technology Controls

​​ML22.  “Technology” as follows:

a.  “Technology”, other than specified in ML22.b., which is “required” for the “development”, “production”, operation, installation, maintenance (checking), repair, overhaul or refurbishing​ of items specified by the Munitions List;

b.  “Technology” as follows:

1.  “Technology” “required” for the design of, the assembly of components into, and the operation, maintenance and repair of, complete production installations for items specified by the Munitions List, even if the components of such production installations are not specified;

2.  “Technology” “required” for the “development” and “production” of small arms, even if used to produce reproductions of antique small arms;

3.  Not used;

​N.B.:  See ML22.a. for "technology" previously specified by ML22.b.3.

4.  Not used;

N.B.:  See ML22.a. for "technology" previously specified by ML22.b.4.

5.  “Technology” “required” exclusively for the incorporation of “biocatalysts”, specified by ML7.i.1., into military carrier substances or military material.

Note 1:  “Technology” “required” for the “development”, “production”, operation, installation, maintenance (checking), repair, overhaul or refurbishing of items specified by the Munitions List remains under control even when applicable to any item not specified by the Munitions List.

Note 2:  ML22 does not apply to:

a.  “Technology” that is the minimum necessary for the installation, operation, maintenance (checking) and repair, of those items which are not controlled or whose export has been authorised;

b.  “Technology” that is “in the public domain”, “basic scientific research” or the minimum necessary information for patent applications;

c.  “Technology” for magnetic induction for continuous propulsion of civil transport devices.

Note 3:  ML22 does not apply to “technology” “required” for the operation, installation, maintenance (checking), repair, overhaul or refurbishing of items specified by ML901 to ML905.​

Relevant Notes for interpreting this DSGL Item



Terms in “quotation marks” are defined terms (see Definitions). Words and terms that are defined and that appear in the Defence and Strategic Goods List without quotation marks are intended to take their ordinary dictionary meanings.

​​ Notes​

​​​The Notes, Technical Notes and Nota Bene (N.B.) appearing in the Defence and Strategic Goods List form an integral part of the control text.

Incorporated goods​

The object of the controls contained in the Defence and Strategic Goods List should not be defeated by the export of any non‑controlled goods (including plant) containing one or more controlled components when the controlled component or components are the principal element of the goods and can feasibly be removed or used for other purposes.​​

N​ote​:​      In judging whether the controlled component or components are to be considered the principal element, it is necessary to weigh the factors of quantity, value and technological know‑how involved and other special circumstances which might establish the controlled component or components as the principal element of the goods being procured.​

New and used goods

Goods specified in the Defence and Strategic Goods List include both new and used goods.

CAS numbers

In some instances chemicals are listed by name and CAS number. The list applies to chemicals of the same structural formula (including hydrates) regardless of name or CAS number. CAS numbers are shown to assist in identifying a particular chemical or mixture, irrespective of nomenclature. CAS numbers cannot be used as unique identifiers because:

   (a)some forms of the listed chemical have different CAS numbers; and

   ​(b)​mixtures containing a listed chemical may also have different CAS numbers.​

​ ​​

Source Code

“Source code” items are controlled either by “software” or by “software” and “technology” controls, except when such “source code” items are explicitly decontrolled.​​

Medical equipment

Equipment specially designed for medical end use that incorporates an item controlled in the Dual Use List is not controlled​​​.​​​

General “information security” note (GISN)

"Information security" items or functions should be considered against the provisions in Category 5 Part 2, even if they are components, "software" or functions of other items.

Note(s) to PART 1 Munitions List

Additional Guidance Material

Definitions & Abbreviations

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