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DSGL Item Details - ML7

PART 1 Munitions List

​​​ML7. Chemical agents, "biological agents", "riot control agents", radioactive materials, related equipment, components and materials, as follows:​​

​a.  "Biological agents" or radioactive materials selected or modified to increase their effectiveness in producing casualties in humans or animals, degrading equipment or damaging crops or the environment;​​

b.  Chemical warfare (CW) agents, including:

1.  CW nerve agents:

a.  O‑Alkyl (equal to or less than C10, including cycloalkyl) alkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n‑Propyl or Isopropyl) ‑ phosphonofluoridates, such as:

1.  ​​Sarin (GB):O‑Isopropyl methylphosphonofluoridate (CAS 107–44–8); and

​2.  Soman (GD):O‑Pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridate (CAS 96–64–0);

b.  O‑Alkyl (equal to or less than ​C10, including cycloalkyl) N,N‑dialkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n‑Propyl or Isopropyl) phosphoramidocyanidates, such as:

​1.  Tabun (GA):O‑Ethyl

    ​ N,N‑dimethylphosphoramidocyanidate (CAS 77–81–6);

c.  O‑Alkyl (H or equal to or less than C10​, including cycloalkyl) S‑2‑dialkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n‑Propyl or Isopropyl)‑aminoethyl alkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n‑Propyl or Isopropyl) phosphonothiolates and corresponding alkylated and protonated salts, such as:

​1.  VX: O‑Ethyl S‑2‑diisopropylaminoethyl methyl phosphonothiolate (CAS 50782–69–9);

2.  CW vesicant agents:

a.  Sulphur mustards, such as:

1.  2‑Chloroethylchloromethylsulphide (CAS 2625‑76‑5);

2.  Bis(2‑chloroethyl) sulphide (CAS 505‑60‑2);

3.  Bis(2‑chloroethylthio) methane (CAS 63869‑13‑6);

4.  1,2‑bis (2‑chloroethylthio) ethane (CAS 3563‑36‑8);

5.  1,3‑bis (2‑chloroethylthio) ‑n‑propane (CAS 63905‑10‑2);

6.  1,4‑bis (2‑chloroethylthio) ‑n‑butane (CAS 142868‑93‑7);

7.  1,5‑bis (2‑chloroethylthio) ‑n‑pentane (CAS 142868‑94‑8);

8.  Bis (2‑chloroethylthiomethyl) ether (CAS 63918‑90‑1);

9.  Bis (2‑chloroethylthioethyl) ether (CAS 63918‑89‑8);

b.  Lewisites, such as:

1.  2‑chlorovinyldichloroarsine (CAS 541‑25‑3);

2.  Tris (2‑chlorovinyl) arsine (CAS 40334‑70‑1);

3.  Bis (2‑chlorovinyl) chloroarsine (CAS 40334‑69‑8);

c.  Nitrogen mustards, such as:

1.  HN1: bis (2‑chloroethyl) ethylamine (CAS 538‑07‑8);

2.  HN2: bis (2‑chloroethyl) methylamine (CAS 51‑75‑2);

3.  HN3: tris (2‑chloroethyl) amine (CAS 555‑77‑1);

3.  CW incapacitating agents, such as:

​​a.  ​3‑Quinuclidinyl benzilate (BZ) (CAS 6581‑06‑2);

4.  CW defoliants, such as:

a.  Butyl 2‑chloro‑4‑fluorophenoxyacetate (LNF);

b.  2,4,5‑trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (CAS 93‑76‑5) mixed with 2,4‑dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (CAS 94‑75‑7) (Agent Orange (CAS 39277‑47‑9));

c.  CW binary precursors and key precursors, as follows:

1.  Alkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n‑Propyl or Isopropyl) Phosphonyl Difluorides, such as: DF: Methyl Phosphonyldifluoride (CAS 676‑99‑3);

2.  O-Alkyl (H or equal to or less than C10, including cycloalkyl) O-2-dialkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n-Propyl or Isopropyl)-aminoethyl alkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n-Propyl or Isopropyl) phosphonites and corresponding alkylated and protonated salts, such as:

QL: O-Ethyl O-2-di-isopropylaminoethyl methylphosphonite

(CAS 57856-11-8);

3. Chlorosarin: O‑Isopropyl methylphosphonochloridate (CAS 1445‑76‑7);

4.  Chlorosoman: O‑Pinacolyl methylphosphonochloridate (CAS 7040‑57‑5);

d.  “Riot control agents”, active constituent chemicals and combinations thereof, including:

1. a‑Bromobenzeneacetonitrile, (Bromobenzyl cyanide) (CA) (CAS 5798‑79‑8);

2.  [(2‑chlorophenyl) methylene] propanedinitrile, (o‑Chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile) (CS) (CAS 2698‑41‑1);

3.  2‑Chloro‑1‑phenylethanone, Phenylacyl chloride (w‑chloroacetophenone) (CN) (CAS 532‑27‑4);

4.  Dibenz‑(b,f)‑1,4‑oxazephine, (CR) (CAS 257‑07‑8);

5.  10‑Chloro‑5,10‑dihydrophenarsazine, (Phenarsazine chloride), (Adamsite), (DM) (CAS 578‑94‑9);

6.  N‑Nonanoylmorpholine, (MPA) (CAS 5299‑64‑9);

Note 1:  ML7.d. does not apply to “riot control agents” individually packaged for personal self defence purposes.

​Note 2:  ML7.d. does not apply to active constituent chemicals, and combinations thereof, identified and packaged for food production or medical purposes.

e.  Equipment, specially designed or modified for military use, designed or modified for the dissemination of any of the following, and specially designed components therefor:

​1.  Materials or agents specified by ML7.a., ML7.b. or ML7.d.; or

2.  CW agents made up of precursors specified by ML7.c.;

f.  Protective and decontamination equipment, specially designed or modified for military use, components and chemical mixtures, as follows:

1.  Equipment designed or modified for defence against materials specified by ML7.a., ML7.b. or ML7.d., and specially designed components therefor;

2.  Equipment designed or modified for decontamination of objects contaminated with materials specified by ML7.a. or ML7.b., and specially designed components therefor;

3.  Chemical mixtures specially developed or formulated for the decontamination of objects contaminated with materials specified by ML7.a. or ML7.b.;

​Note:  ML7.f.1. includes:

​a.  Air conditioning units specially designed or modified for nuclear, biological or chemical filtration;

b.  Protective clothing.

N.B.:  For civil gas masks, protective and decontamination equipment, see also 1A00​4​​. on the Dual‑Use List.

g.  Equipment, specially designed or modified for military use designed or modified for the detection or identification of materials specified by ML7.a., ML7.b. or ML7.d., and specially designed components therefor;

​​​Note:  ML7.g. does not apply to personal radiation monitoring dosimeters.

N.B.:  See also 1A004 on the Dual‑Use List.

h.  “Biopolymers” specially designed or processed for the detection or identification of CW agents specified by ML7.b., and the cultures of specific cells used to produce them;

i.  “Biocatalysts” for the decontamination or degradation of CW agents, and biological systems therefor, as follows:

1.  “Biocatalysts” specially designed for the decontamination or degradation of CW agents specified by ML7.b., and resulting from directed laboratory selection or genetic manipulation of biological systems;

2.  Biological systems containing the genetic information specific to the production of “biocatalysts” specified by ML7.i.1., as follows:

a.  “Expression vectors”;

b.  Viruses;

c.  Cultures of cells.

Note 1:  ML7.b. and ML7.d. do not apply to the following:

a.  Cyanogen chloride (CAS 506‑77‑4);

b.  Hydrocyanic acid (CAS 74‑90‑8);

c.   Chlorine (CAS 7782‑50‑5);

d.  Carbonyl chloride (phosgene) (CAS 75‑44‑5);

e.   Diphosgene (trichloromethyl‑chloroformate) (CAS 503‑38‑8);

f.   Not used since 2004

g.  Xylyl bromide, ortho: (CAS 89‑92‑9), meta: (CAS 620‑13‑3), para: (CAS 104‑81‑4);

h.  Benzyl bromide (CAS 100‑39‑0);

i.   Benzyl iodide (CAS 620‑05‑3);

j.   Bromo acetone (CAS 598‑31‑2);

k.   Cyanogen bromide (CAS 506‑68‑3);

l.   Bromo methylethylketone (CAS 816‑40‑0);

m.  Chloro acetone (CAS 78‑95‑5);

n.  Ethyl iodoacetate (CAS 623‑48‑3);

o.  Iodo acetone (CAS 3019‑04‑3);

p.  Chloropicrin (CAS 76‑06‑2).

Note 2:  The cultures of cells and biological systems specified by ML7.h. and ML7.i.2. are exclusive and these sub‑items do not apply to cells or biological systems for civil purposes, such as agricultural, pharmaceutical, medical, veterinary, environmental, waste management, or in the food industry.

Related Software Controls

​​​ML21.  “Software” as follows:

a. "Software"​ spe​cially designed or modified for any of the following:

1. ​​​"Development", "production"", operation or maintenance of equipment specified by the Munitions List;

2. ​"Development" or "production" of materials specified by the Munitions List; or

3​. ​​​"Development", "production", operation or maintenance of "software" ​specified by the Munitions List.​

b.  Specific “software”, other than that specified by ML21.a., as follows:

1.  “Software” specially designed for military use and specially designed for modelling, simulating or evaluating military weapon systems;

2.  “Software” specially designed for military use and specially designed for modelling or simulating military operational scenarios;

3.  “Software” for determining the effects of conventional, nuclear, chemical or biological weapons;

4.  “Software” specially designed for military use and specially designed for Command, Communications, Control and Intelligence (C3I) or Command, Communications, Control, Computer and Intelligence (C4I) applications;

c.  “Software”, not specified by ML21.a.​ or b., specially designed or modified to enable equipment not specified by the Munitions List to perform the military functions of equipment specified by the Munitions List.

Related Technology Controls

​​ML22.  “Technology” as follows:

a.  “Technology”, other than specified in ML22.b., which is “required” for the “development”, “production”, operation, installation, maintenance (checking), repair, overhaul or refurbishing​ of items specified by the Munitions List;

b.  “Technology” as follows:

1.  “Technology” “required” for the design of, the assembly of components into, and the operation, maintenance and repair of, complete production installations for items specified by the Munitions List, even if the components of such production installations are not specified;

2.  “Technology” “required” for the “development” and “production” of small arms, even if used to produce reproductions of antique small arms;

3.  Not used;

​N.B.:  See ML22.a. for "technology" previously specified by ML22.b.3.

4.  Not used;

N.B.:  See ML22.a. for "technology" previously specified by ML22.b.4.

5.  “Technology” “required” exclusively for the incorporation of “biocatalysts”, specified by ML7.i.1., into military carrier substances or military material.

Note 1:  “Technology” “required” for the “development”, “production”, operation, installation, maintenance (checking), repair, overhaul or refurbishing of items specified by the Munitions List remains under control even when applicable to any item not specified by the Munitions List.

Note 2:  ML22 does not apply to:

a.  “Technology” that is the minimum necessary for the installation, operation, maintenance (checking) and repair, of those items which are not controlled or whose export has been authorised;

b.  “Technology” that is “in the public domain”, “basic scientific research” or the minimum necessary information for patent applications;

c.  “Technology” for magnetic induction for continuous propulsion of civil transport devices.

Note 3:  ML22 does not apply to “technology” “required” for the operation, installation, maintenance (checking), repair, overhaul or refurbishing of items specified by ML901 to ML905.​

Relevant Notes for interpreting this DSGL Item

GENERAL NOTES

​​​​Definitions

Terms in “quotation marks” are defined terms (see Definitions). Words and terms that are defined and that appear in the Defence and Strategic Goods List without quotation marks are intended to take their ordinary dictionary meanings.


​​ Notes​

​​​The Notes, Technical Notes and Nota Bene (N.B.) appearing in the Defence and Strategic Goods List form an integral part of the control text.


Incorporated goods​

The object of the controls contained in the Defence and Strategic Goods List should not be defeated by the export of any non‑controlled goods (including plant) containing one or more controlled components when the controlled component or components are the principal element of the goods and can feasibly be removed or used for other purposes.​​

N​ote​:​      In judging whether the controlled component or components are to be considered the principal element, it is necessary to weigh the factors of quantity, value and technological know‑how involved and other special circumstances which might establish the controlled component or components as the principal element of the goods being procured.​


New and used goods

Goods specified in the Defence and Strategic Goods List include both new and used goods.


CAS numbers

In some instances chemicals are listed by name and CAS number. The list applies to chemicals of the same structural formula (including hydrates) regardless of name or CAS number. CAS numbers are shown to assist in identifying a particular chemical or mixture, irrespective of nomenclature. CAS numbers cannot be used as unique identifiers because:

   (a)some forms of the listed chemical have different CAS numbers; and

   ​(b)​mixtures containing a listed chemical may also have different CAS numbers.​

​ ​​

Source Code

“Source code” items are controlled either by “software” or by “software” and “technology” controls, except when such “source code” items are explicitly decontrolled.​​


Medical equipment

Equipment specially designed for medical end use that incorporates an item controlled in the Dual Use List is not controlled​​​.​​​

General “information security” note (GISN)

"Information security" items or functions should be considered against the provisions in Category 5 Part 2, even if they are components, "software" or functions of other items.

Note(s) to PART 1 Munitions List

Additional Guidance Material

No additional guidance material found

Definitions & Abbreviations

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