Skip to content
Return to Questionnaire Return to Search

DSGL Item Details - 1C351

PART 2 Dual Use List / CATEGORY 1 - SPECIAL MATERIALS AND RELATED EQUIPMENT / 1C - Materials

​​​1C351  Human pathogens, zoonoses and “toxins”, as follows:

a.  Viruses, whether natural, enhanced or modified, either in the form of “isolated live cultures” or as material including living material which has been deliberately inoculated or contaminated with such cultures, as follows:

1.  Andes virus;

2.  Chapare virus;

3.  Chikungunya virus;

4.  Choclo virus;

5.  Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus;

6.  Not used;

7.  Dobrava‑Belgrade virus;

8.  Eastern equine encephalitis virus;

9.  Ebolavirus (all members of the Ebolavirus genus)​;

10.  Guanarito virus;

11.  Hantaan virus;

12.  Hendra virus (Equine morbillivirus);

13.  Japanese encephalitis virus;

14.  Junin virus;

15.  Kyasanur Forest disease virus​;

16.  Laguna Negra virus;

17.  Lassa fever virus;

18.  Louping ill virus;

19.  Lujo virus;

20.  Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus;

21.  Machupo virus;

22.  Marburgvirus (all members of the Marburgvirus genus)​;

23.  Monkeypox virus;

24.  Murray Valley encephalitis virus;

25.  Nipah virus;

26.  Omsk haemorrhagic fever virus;

27.  Oropouche virus;

28.  Powassan virus;

29.  Rift Valley fever virus;

30.  Rocio virus;

31.  Sabia virus;

32.  Seoul virus;

33.  Sin Nombre virus;

34.  St Louis encephalitis virus;

35.  Tick‑borne encephalitis virus (Far Eastern subtype)​;

36.  Variola virus;

37.  Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus;

38.  Western equine encephalitis virus;

39.  Yellow fever virus;

40.  Reconstructed 1918 influenza virus;

41.  Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (S​ARS-related coronavirus);

42.  Suid herpesvirus 1 (Pseudorabies virus; Aujeszky’s disease)​;

b.  Not used;

c.  Bacteria, whether natural, enhanced or modified, either in the form of “isolated live cultures” or as material including living material which has been deliberately inoculated or contaminated with such cultures, as follows:

1.  Bacillus anthracis;

2.  Brucella abortus;

3.  Brucella melitensis;

4.  Brucella suis;

5.  Chlamydophila psittaci (formerly known as Chlamydia psittaci);

6.  Clostridium botulinum;

7.  Clostridium argentinense (formerly known as Clostridium botulinum Type G), botulinum neurotoxin producing strains;

8.  Clostridium baratii, botulinum neurotoxin producing strains;

9.  Clostridium butyricum, botulinum neurotoxin producing strains;

10.  Francisella tularensis;

11.  Burkholderia mallei (Pseudomonas mallei);

12.  Burkholderia pseudomallei (Pseudomonas pseudomallei);

13.  Salmonella typhi;

14.  Shigella dysenteriae;

15.  Vibrio cholerae;

16.  Yersinia pestis;

17.  Clostridium perfringens, epsilon toxin producing types;

Note: Limiting this control to epsilon toxin-producing strains of Clostridium perfringens therefore exempts from control the transfer of other Clostridium perfringens strains to be used as positive control cultures for food testing and quality control.

18.  Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) of serogroups O26, O45, O103, O104, O111, O121, O145, O157, and other shiga toxin producing serogroups;

Note: Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) includes inter alia enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), verotoxin producing E. coli (VTEC) or verocytotoxin producing E. coli (VTEC)..

19.  Coxiella burnetii;

20.  Rickettsia prowazekii;

d.  “Toxins”, as follows, and “sub‑unit of toxins” thereof:

1.  Botulinum toxins;

2.  Clostridium perfringens alpha, beta 1, beta 2, epsilon and iota toxins;

3.  Conotoxins;

4.  Ricin;

5.  Saxitoxin;

6.  Shiga toxins (shiga-like toxins, verotoxins, and verocytotoxins);

7.  Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins, hemolysin alpha toxin, and toxic shock syndrome toxin (formerly known as Staphylococcus enterotoxin F);

8.  Tetrodotoxin;

9.  Verotoxin and shiga‑like ribosome inactivating proteins;

10.  Microcystins (Cyanoginosins)​;

11.  Aflatoxins;

12.  Abrin;

13.  Cholera toxin;

14.  Diacetoxyscirpenol toxin;

15.  T‑2 toxin;

16.  HT‑2 toxin;

17.  Modeccin;

18.  Volkensin;

19.  Viscum Album Lectin 1 (Viscumin)​;

Note 1:  1C351.d does not apply to "immunotoxins".

Note 2:  1C351.d. does not apply to botulinum toxins or conotoxins in product form meeting all of the following criteria:

a.  Are pharmaceutical formulations designed for human administration in the treatment of medical conditions;

b.  Are pre‑packaged for distribution as medical products;

c.  Are authorised by a state authority to be marketed as medical products.

e. Fungi, whether natural, enhanced or modified, either in the form of “isolated live cultures” or as material including living material which has been deliberately inoculated or contaminated with such cultures, as follows:

1.  Coccidioides immitis;

2.  Coccidioides posadasii.

Note:  1C351 does not apply to "vaccines” or “immunotoxins”.

Very Sensitive Listing:

One or more of the items in this control are listed in the Very Sensitive List. Items on the Very Sensitive List require extreme care in their transfer and General Export Licenses are not available for the export or supply of these items. To view the Very Sensitive List, click here

Related Software Controls

No related software controls found

Related Technology Controls

General Technology Note

​​(This note applies to all technology controls in Categories 1 to 9 of the Dual-use List.​)

1.  The export of “technology” which is “required” for the “development”, “production” or “use” of goods controlled in Categories 1 to 9, is controlled according to the provisions of Categories 1 to 9.

2.  “Technology” “required” for the “development”, “production” or “use” of goods under control remains under control even when applicable to non-controlled goods.

3.  Controls do not apply to that “technology” which is the minimum necessary for the installation, operation, maintenance (checking) and repair of those goods which are not controlled or whose export has been authorised.

N.B.:  This does not release such “technology” specified in 1E002.e., 1E002.f., 8E002.a. and 8E002.b.

4.  Controls on “technology” transfer do not apply to information “in the public domain”, to “basic scientific research” or to the minimum necessary information for patent applications.

​​​​​1E001 “Technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “development” or “production” of equipment or​ materials specified by 1A002 to 1A005, 1A006.b., 1A007, 1B or 1C.

Sensitive Listing:

One or more of the items in this control are listed in the Sensitive List. Items on the Sensitive List require additional care in their transfer and General Export Licenses are generally not available for the export or supply of these items. To view the Sensitive List, click here.

Very Sensitive Listing:

One or more of the items in this control are listed in the Very Sensitive List. Items on the Very Sensitive List require extreme care in their transfer and General Export Licenses are not available for the export or supply of these items. To view the Very Sensitive List, click here

Relevant Notes for interpreting this DSGL Item

GENERAL NOTES

​​​​Definitions

Terms in “quotation marks” are defined terms (see Definitions). Words and terms that are defined and that appear in the Defence and Strategic Goods List without quotation marks are intended to take their ordinary dictionary meanings.


​​ Notes​

​​​The Notes, Technical Notes and Nota Bene (N.B.) appearing in the Defence and Strategic Goods List form an integral part of the control text.


Incorporated goods​

The object of the controls contained in the Defence and Strategic Goods List should not be defeated by the export of any non‑controlled goods (including plant) containing one or more controlled components when the controlled component or components are the principal element of the goods and can feasibly be removed or used for other purposes.​​

N​ote​:​      In judging whether the controlled component or components are to be considered the principal element, it is necessary to weigh the factors of quantity, value and technological know‑how involved and other special circumstances which might establish the controlled component or components as the principal element of the goods being procured.​


New and used goods

Goods specified in the Defence and Strategic Goods List include both new and used goods.


CAS numbers

In some instances chemicals are listed by name and CAS number. The list applies to chemicals of the same structural formula (including hydrates) regardless of name or CAS number. CAS numbers are shown to assist in identifying a particular chemical or mixture, irrespective of nomenclature. CAS numbers cannot be used as unique identifiers because:

   (a)some forms of the listed chemical have different CAS numbers; and

   ​(b)​mixtures containing a listed chemical may also have different CAS numbers.​

​ ​​

Source Code

“Source code” items are controlled either by “software” or by “software” and “technology” controls, except when such “source code” items are explicitly decontrolled.​​


Medical equipment

Equipment specially designed for medical end use that incorporates an item controlled in the Dual Use List is not controlled​​​.​​​

General “information security” note (GISN)

"Information security" items or functions should be considered against the provisions in Category 5 Part 2, even if they are components, "software" or functions of other items.

Note(s) to PART 2 Dual Use List

​​Rel​ocated.​​

Note(s) to 1C - Materials

Technical Note:

Metals and alloys:

Unless provision to the contrary is made, the words ‘metals’ and ‘alloys’ in 1C001 to 1C012 cover crude and semi‑fabricated forms, as follows:

Crude forms:

Anodes, balls, bars (including notched bars and wire bars), billets, blocks, blooms, brickets, cakes, cathodes, crystals, cubes, dice, grains, granules, ingots, lumps, pellets, pigs, powder, rondelles, shot, slabs, slugs, sponge, sticks;

Semi‑fabricated forms (whether or not coated, plated, drilled or punched):

a.  Wrought or worked materials fabricated by rolling, drawing, extruding, forging, impact extruding, pressing, graining, atomising, and grinding, i.e.: angles, channels, circles, discs, dust, flakes, foils and leaf, forging, plate, powder, pressings and stampings, ribbons, rings, rods (including bare welding rods, wire rods, and rolled wire), sections, shapes, sheets, strip, pipe and tubes (including tube rounds, squares, and hollows), drawn or extruded wire;

b.  Cast material produced by casting in sand, die, metal, plaster or other types of moulds, including high pressure castings, sintered forms, and forms made by powder metallurgy.

The object of the control should not be defeated by the export of non‑listed forms alleged to be finished products but representing in reality crude forms or semi‑fabricated forms.

Definitions & Abbreviations

Return to Questionnaire Return to Search