1C111 Propellants and constituent chemicals for propellants, other than those specified by 1C011, as follows:
a. Propulsive substances:
1. Spherical or spheroidal aluminium powder, other than that specified in the Munitions List, in particle size of less than 200 µm and an aluminium content of 97% by weight or more, if at least 10% of the total weight is made up of particles of less than 63 µm, according to ISO 2591:1988 or national equivalents;
A particle size of 63 µm (ISO R‑565) corresponds to 250 mesh (Tyler) or 230 mesh (ASTM standard E‑11).
2. Metal powders, other than that specified in the Munitions List, with at least 90% of the total particles by particle volume or weight made up of particles of less than 60 µm (determined by measurement techniques such as using a sieve, laser diffraction or optical scanning), whether spherical, atomised, spheroidal, flaked or ground, consisting of any of the following:
a. Zirconium (CAS 7440-67-7) or zirconium alloys consisting of 97% by weight or more of zirconium;
b. Beryllium (CAS 7440-41-7) or beryllium alloys consisting of 97% by weight or more of beryllium;
c. Magnesium (CAS 7439-95-4) magnesium alloys consisting of 97% by weight or more of magnesium; or
d. Boron (CAS 7440-42-8) or boron alloys consisting of 85% by weight or more of boron;
In a multimodal particle distribution (e.g. mixtures of different grain sizes) in which one or more modes are controlled, the entire powder mixture is controlled.
The natural content of hafnium in the zirconium (typically 2% to 7%) is counted with the zirconium.
3. Oxidiser substances usable in liquid propellant rocket engines as follows:
a. Dinitrogen trioxide (CAS 10544‑73‑7);
b. Nitrogen dioxide (CAS 10102‑44‑0)/dinitrogen tetroxide (CAS 10544‑72‑6);
c. Dinitrogen pentoxide (CAS 10102‑03‑1);
d. Mixed Oxides of Nitrogen (MON);
Mixed Oxides of Nitrogen (MON) are solutions of Nitric Oxide (NO) in Dinitrogen Tetroxide/Nitrogen Dioxide (N2O4/NO2 ) that can be used in missile systems. There are a range of compositions that can be denoted as MONi or MONij, where i and j are integers representing the percentage of Nitric Oxide in the mixture (e.g., MON3 contains 3% Nitric Oxide, MON25 25% Nitric Oxide. An upper limit is MON40, 40% by weight).
e. SEE MUNITIONS LIST FOR Inhibited Red Fuming Nitric Acid (IRFNA);
f. SEE MUNITIONS LIST AND 1C238 FOR Compounds composed of fluorine and one or more of other halogens, oxygen or nitrogen;
4. Hydrazine derivatives as follows:
N.B.: SEE ALSO MUNITIONS LIST.
a. Trimethylhydrazine (CAS 1741‑01‑1);
b. Tetramethylhydrazine (CAS 6415‑12‑9);
c. N,N diallylhydrazine (CAS 5164-11-4);
d. Allylhydrazine (CAS 7422‑78‑8);
e. Ethylene dihydrazine;
f. Monomethylhydrazine dinitrate;
g. Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine nitrate;
h. Hydrazinium azide (CAS 14546–44–2);
i. 1,1-Dimethylhydrazinium azide (CAS 227955-52-4) / 1,2-Dimethylhydrazinium azide (CAS 299177-50-7);
j. Hydrazinium dinitrate (CAS 13464-98-7);
k. Diimido oxalic acid dihydrazine;
l. 2‑hydroxyethylhydrazine nitrate (HEHN);
m. See Munitions List for Hydrazinium perchlorate;
n. Hydrazinium diperchlorate (CAS 13812–39–0);
o. Methylhydrazine nitrate (MHN) (CAS 29674-96-2);
p. 1,1-Diethylhydrazine nitrate (DEHN) / 1,2-Diethylhydrazine nitrate (DEHN) (CAS 363453-17-2);
q. 3,6‑dihydrazino tetrazine nitrate (1,4‑dihydrazine nitrate) (DHTN);
5. High energy density materials, other than that specified in the Munitions List, usable in ‘missiles’ or unmanned aerial vehicles specified by 9A012 or 9A112.a:
a. Mixed fuel that incorporates both solid and liquid fuels, such as boron slurry, having a mass‑based energy density of 40 x 106 J/kg or greater;
b. Other high energy density fuels and fuel additives (e.g. cubane, ionic solutions, JP–10) having a volume‑based energy density of 37.5 x 109 J/m3 or greater, measured at 20oC and one atmosphere (101.325 kPa) pressure;
Note: 1C111.a.5.b. does not apply to fossil refined fuels and biofuels produced from vegetables, including fuels for engines certified for use in civil aviation, unless specially formulated for ‘missiles’ or unmanned aerial vehicles specified by 9A012 or 9A112.a.
In 1C111.a.5., ‘missile’ means complete rocket systems and unmanned aerial vehicle systems capable of a range exceeding 300 km.
6. Hydrazine replacement fuels as follows:
a. 1.2-Dimethylaminoethylazide (DMAZ) (CAS 86147-04-8).
b. Polymeric substances:
1. Carboxy‑terminated polybutadiene (including carboxyl‑terminated polybutadiene) (CTPB);
2. Hydroxy‑terminated polybutadiene (included hydroxyl‑terminated polybutadiene) (HTPB) (CAS 69102-90-5), other than that specified in the Munitions List;
3. Polybutadiene‑acrylic acid (PBAA);
4. Polybutadiene‑acrylic acid‑acrylonitrile (PBAN);
5. Polytetrahydrofuran polyethylene glycol (TPEG);
Polytetrahydrofuran polyethylene glycol (TPEG) is a block co‑polymer of poly 1,4‑Butanediol (CAS 110-63-4)and polyethylene glycol (PEG) (CAS 25322-68-3).
c. Other propellant additives and agents:
1. SEE MUNITIONS LIST FOR Carboranes, decaboranes, pentaboranes and derivatives thereof;
2. Triethylene glycol dinitrate (TEGDN) (CAS 111‑22‑8);
3. 2‑Nitrodiphenylamine (CAS 119‑75‑5);
4. Trimethylolethane trinitrate (TMETN) (CAS 3032‑55‑1);
5. Diethylene glycol dinitrate (DEGDN) (CAS 693‑21‑0);
6. Ferrocene derivatives as follows:
a. See Munitions List for catocene;
b. Ethyl ferrocene (CAS 1273‑89‑8);
c. n-Propyl ferrocene (CAS 1273-92-3) / iso-propyl ferrocene (CAS 12126-81-7);
d. See Munitions List for n‑butyl ferrocene;
e. Pentyl ferrocene (CAS 1274‑00‑6);
f. Dicyclopentyl ferrocene;
g. Dicyclohexyl ferrocene;
h. Diethyl ferrocene (CAS 1273–97–8);
i. Dipropyl ferrocene;
j. Dibutyl ferrocene (CAS 1274‑08‑4);
k. Dihexyl ferrocene (CAS 93894‑59‑8);
l. Acetyl ferrocene (CAS 1271–55–2) / 1,1’‑diacetyl ferrocene (CAS 1273–94–5);
m. See Munitions List for ferrocene Carboxylic acids;
n. See Munitions List for butacene;
o. Other ferrocene derivatives usable as rocket propellant burning rate modifiers, other than those specified in the Military Goods Controls.
Note: 1C111.c.6.o. does not apply to ferrocene derivatives that contain a six carbon aromatic functional group attached to the ferrocene molecule.
7. 4,5 diazidomethyl‑2‑methyl‑1,2,3‑triazole (iso‑ DAMTR) , other than that specified in the Munitions List.
Note: For propellants and constituent chemicals for propellants not specified by 1C111, see the Munitions List.